As we discussed in the About GMAT Exam article, GMAT Quantitative (aka Math) section consists of two types of questions: Problem Solving (PS) and Data Sufficiency (DS). Most test takers are familiar with the multiple choice format of the PS questions. However, when starting the GMAT Preparation, GMAT test takers find the DS questions tougher to get used to. Either way, the Quantitative section is considered tough even though the concepts and topics involved in the GMAT Math syllabus are not beyond the secondary school math.

One reason that contributes to tougher feel of the Quantitative section is that the problems often blend multiple topics into one question. While Secondary School exams had the problems on topics separated out, having multiple concepts applied in one question is indeed tougher.

Below, we have divided the GMAT Quantitative section topics by three Categories:

Note: Topics such as Trigonometry, Calculus and Complex numbers are currently not in scope of the GMAT Math Syllabus. However, for solving a triangle related problem you may use any tool at your disposal including Trigonometry. Similarly you can use any advanced mathematics tool at your disposal to solve a particular problem.

Arithmetic | |
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Number Theory | Integers and number properties |

Fractions, Percentage and Decimals | |

Multiples and Factors | |

Exponents and Radicals | |

Remainders and Divisors | |

Ratio and Proportion | |

Permutations & Combinations | |

Probability | |

Set Theory | |

Mixtures & Alligations | |

Statistics | |

Pipes & Cisterns | |

Speed, Time & Distance | |

Simple and Compound Interest |

Arithmetic makes for the most complex GMAT questions. Probability and Permutations & Combinations topics are well known to be very complex. However, even simple topics such as integers are full of tricks and concepts that need to be mastered for a good GMAT score.

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Algebra |
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Monomials & Polynomials |

Functions |

Equations |

Quadratic Equations |

Inequalities |

Progressions |

Among the algebra topics, Equations and Inequalities are the most popular in GMAT. If you are strapped for time during your preparation, you may focus on these topics to get the most out of your time. At GMATByEample, we have FREE comprehensive guides for the following topics:

- GMAT Inequalities
- GMAT Equations (coming soon)

Geometry |
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Lines and Angles |

Triangles |

Quadrilaterals |

Circles |

Cubes, Cylinders etc. |

Coordinate Geometry |

Geometry is a long topic and the problems usually range from basic to medium complexity. However, you may come across some really tough problems in your exam.

For more information on the GMAT syllabus, please visit mba.com.